The Federal Reserve announced on Wednesday that interest rates would remain unchanged, albeit with a new layer of uncertainty due to cooling inflation. The Voice of America reported that, for the second time this year, the Federal Reserve decided to keep their benchmark interest rate in the range of 2.25 percent to 2.5 percent, reaffirming that the US economy remains strong and stable. The decision sends a clear signal that inflation is not an issue at this time, and that the domestic economy remains on track, despite the ongoing trade spat with China. The distinction to note from last time is that this decision came with an added layer of uncertainty, as the Federal Reserve prepares to closely monitor domestic inflation, as today’s announcement included an additional statement that the government would “focus on global economic and financial developments and assess their implications for the U.S. economic outlook.” The announcement was welcomed by economists, who had grown increasingly concerned about a potentially overheating US economy due to the recent surge in new jobs, increased consumer spending, and rising wages. The recognition of such risks, coupled with today’s statement, suggests the Federal Reserve is attempting to pre-empt potential overheating of the US economy. Now, more than ever, anticipating and controlling inflation appears to be a primary concern for the Federal Reserve. This is a stark contrast to previous years when the focus was largely on keeping interest rates low to support economic growth. This shift signals a growing trend towards a more conservative monetary policy. The Federal Reserve’s decision highlights the importance of careful economic analysis and thoughtful decision making. By keeping interest rates low and pushing back against potential overheating while also monitoring global economic developments, the Federal Reserve is balancing the competing needs of an expanding domestic economy with avoiding the potential perils of inflation. Only time will tell if this strategy will turn out to be effective in the long run.